Abstract In the last 15 years, terms such as prostitution, sex trafficking, sexual exploitation, modern-day slavery, and sex work have elicited much confusion and debate as to their definitions. The demand for victims of sex trafficking. A Paradigm Shift, Public Health—Social and Behavioral Health. Chicago Alliance Against Sexual Exploitation. Vulnerability to sex trafficking, intervention strategies. There are, however, different pathways in which sexually exploited women and girls become addicted to substances. Department of Justice,
Men who buy sex: High levels of men who purchase sex have fueled a demand for women to supply it, which has subsequently led to exploiters forcing or coercing women into sexual exploitation. Unfortunately, no estimate is available as to how many illegal brothels exist specifically in the United States. Department of Justice Retrieved from http: The label also benefits the buyers who in response to the lack of alarm within the trucking community seem to have little fear of intervention by police or fellow truckers. Raphael J, Shapiro DL. Moreover, many of these media images include women of color, adding increased normalization to the objectification of women, particularly nonwhite women. Because clients are still criminalized, it drives sex work more underground. For example, Jamaica presents a broad spectrum ranging from western women as buyers to local men as consumers increasingly entering the sex market as it grows and becomes more normalized. These numbers reflect the consequence of inflated demand for commercial sex. In addition to money, persons engaging in survival sex may trade sexual favors for food, shelter, or drugs   The most reported cases are the youth that perform sexual acts for shelter or a place to sleep. Although this well-known study was not conducted in the United States, it is frequently referenced in domestic literature and must be addressed accordingly. Weak legislation in many states and a lack of directive within the federal government to pursue buyers of trafficking victims with a federal crime has resulted in a law enforcement focus on traffickers and the girls they are exploiting. Due to intensive marketing and the increased normalization of commercial sex in society, buyers from a young age are groomed to glamorize commercial sex, to dehumanize the women and children exploited, and even to express aggression toward the victims through violent video games and violent pornography. Shifting the burden of proof from the child to the buyer should be a part of all legal reform efforts as it was in Washington and is being debated currently in varying forms in other states. This is not unique to Jamaica; local demand was found to escalate where commercial sex was tolerated. Adult sexual assault and prostitution: Human trafficking into and within the United States. Israel has become a country of destination for women who had been trafficked from surrounding countries. How to Deter Demand 30 Innovative investigative techniques, technology, and protocols are needed to deter demand through law enforcement. Drugs are used as a form of control and intimidation; however, many women and girls have survived violence by using drugs de Chesnay, Trading, Survival, and Transactional Sex Throughout the literature, a series of studies refer to trading sex, survival sex, and transactional sex interchangeably and reference an exchange of a sexual favor for something of value such as food, clothing, or shelter Tyler and Johnson, Other efforts, like those that have shuttered brothels, have deprived sex workers of their autonomy, income, and secure working conditions. Early sexual abuse, street adversity, and drug use among female homeless and runaway adolescents in the Midwest. This area of research should be further developed in the exploration of any emerging patterns among sexually trafficked women and the relationship between the various microlevel risk factors and consequences. In the National Opinion Research Center conducted a study of congressional mandates issued to identify victims of domestic trafficking through law enforcement and explore the differences between sex trafficking and unlawful commercial sex.
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